The End of History

Re-Spatialization of a Utopia and Temporalization of a Dystopia

Autores

  • Antenor Savoldi Jr UFRGS

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15848/hh.v16i41.2106

Palavras-chave:

Presentism, Utopia, Dystopia, Theory of History, End of History

Resumo

This article proposes a revision of the idea of the End of History as pictured by Francis Fukuyama regarding its categorization as both a utopia and a dystopia. After revisiting Fukuyama’s original proposal and its amendments by the author in the following years, we use François Hartog’s regimes of historicity as a theoretical tool for understanding the End of History as part of a larger phenomenon. To argue Fukuyama essentially proposes the re-spatialization of utopia, we use Reinhard Koselleck’s “Temporalization of Utopia” and Fredric Jameson’s “End of Temporality” as guidelines. Finally, mobilizing debates on the utopian as a background, we reflect on the political nature of ruptures of temporality to claim that the End of History, though originally a utopian text, has been temporalized as a dystopia following its implementation as a political program.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

ACHENBACH, Joel. The Clash. Washington Post. 2001. Available at: https://wapo.st/3SLwn4T. Accessed: 08 Oct. 2022.

ARENDT, Hannah. Between Present and Future. New York: Viking Press. 1961.

ÁVILA, Arthur Lima. O fim da história e o fardo da temporalidade. Tempo e Argumento,

Florianópolis, v. 10, n. 25, p. 243-266, Jul./Sep.. 2018.

BENTIVOGLIO, Julio. O futuro das utopias e das distopias em tempos presentistas. Esboços. Florianópolis. v. 27, n. 46, p. 390-404, Sep./Dec.. 2020.

CHAKRABARTY, Dipesh. The Climate of History: Four Theses. Critical Inquiry, v. 35, p. 197-222, 2008.

FUKUYAMA, Francis. The End of History?. The National Interest, n. 16, p. 3-18, Summer 1989.

FUKUYAMA, Francis. Reflections on the End of History, Five Years Later. History and Theory, v. 34, n. 2, p. 27-34, May, 1995.

FUKUYAMA, Francis. Second Thoughts: The Last Man in a Bottle. The National Interest, v. 58, p. 16-25. Summer, 1999.

FUKUYAMA, Francis. The End of History and the Last Man. New York: The Free Press, 1992.

FUKUYAMA, Francis. Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution. New York: Picador, 2002.

FUKUYAMA, Francis. After Neoconservatism. The New York Times. 2006 Available at: https://nyti.ms/3yOBhGn . Accessed: 08 Oct. 2022;

FUKUYAMA, Francis. The Future of History. Foreign Affairs, v. 91, n.1, p. 53-61, Jan/Feb 2012.

FUKUYAMA, Francis. Has History Started Again?. Policy Magazine, v. 18, n. 2, p. 3-7, Winter 2002;

FUKUYAMA, Francis. US against the world? Trump’s America and the new global order. Financial Times, 2016. Available at: https://on.ft.com/3CJrUtR Accessed: 08 Oct. 2022.

GORDIN, Michael; TILLEY, Helen; PRAKASH, Gyan. Introduction: Utopia and Dystopia beyond Space and Time. In: GORDIN, Michael; TILLEY, Helen; PRAKASH, Gyan (org.). Utopia/dystopia: conditions of historical possibility. P. 1-17, Princeton and Oxford. Princeton University Press, 2010. .

HARTOG, François. Regimes de Historicidade. Presentismo e Experiências do Tempo. Translation by Andrea Souza de Menezes, Bruna Beffart, Camila Rocha de Moraes, Maria Cristina de Alencar Silva, Maria Helena Martins. Belo Horizonte: Editora Autêntica, 2013a.

HARTOG, François. Experiências do tempo. Da história universal à história global? história, histórias. Brasília, v. 1, n. 1, p. 164-179, 2013b. Translation by José Otávio Nogueira Guimarães.

HARTOG, François. Crer em História. Translated by Camila Dias. Belo Horizonte. Autêntica, 2013c.

HUNTINGTON, Samuel P., The Clash of Civilizations? The Next Pattern of Conflict. Foreign Affairs, v. 72, n. 3, p. 23-49, 1993.

HUNTINGTON, Samuel P. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York: Simon, Schuster, 1996.

JAMESON, Fredric. The End of Temporality. Critical Inquiry, v. 29, n. 4, p. 695-718, Summer 2003.

JAMESON, Fredric. Archaelogies of the Future: The Desire Called Utopia and other Science Fictions. London: Verso, 2005.

JAMESON, Fredric. Utopia as method, or the uses of the future. In: GORDIN, Michael; TILLEY, Helen; PRAKASH, Gyan (ed.). Utopia/dystopia: conditions of historical possibility. Princeton and Oxford. Princeton University Press, p. 21-44. 2010.

JANJEVIC, Darko, “Viktor Orban: Era of ‘liberal democracy’ is over. Deutsche Welle, 2018. Available at: https://bit.ly/3yr767G. Accessed: 08 Oct. 2022.

KOSELLECK, Reinhardt. The Temporalization of Utopia. In: The Practice of Conceptual History: Timing History, Spacing Concepts. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002.

LEVITAS, Ruth. The Concept of Utopia. Ralahine Utopian Studies, Volume Three. Bern, 2010.

LEVITAS, Ruth. Utopia as Method: The Imaginary Reconstitution of Society. Houndmills. Palgrave Macmillan. 2013

MARQUES, Danilo Araújo. No fio da navalha: historicidade, pós-modernidade e fim da História. Dissertação (Mestrado em História) – Programa de Pós-Graduação do Departamento de História, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, 2015.

MOYLAN, Tom. Demand The Impossible: Science Fiction and the Utopian Imagination. Ralahine Utopian Studies. Bern: Peter Lang AG, 2014.

MOYLAN, Tom. Scraps of the Untainted Sky: Science Fiction, Utopia, Dystopia. Boulder: Westview Press. 2000.

MOYLAN, Tom. Step into the History. In: VIEIRA, Fátima. (ed). Dystopia(n) matters: on the page, on screen, on stage. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, p. 42-43, 2013.

MUDROVCIC, Marina Inés. About lost futures or the political heart of history. Historein, v. 14, n. 1, p. 7-21, 2014.

OSBORNE, Peter. Politics of Time: Modernity and Avant-Garde. London: Verso. 1995.

SARGENT, Lyman Tower. The Three Faces of Utopianism Revisited. Utopian Studies, Vol. 5, No. 1, p. 1-37. Penn State University Press. 1994.

SAVOLDI JR, Antenor. Da ordem política ao choque de civilizações: controle e dinâmica da história na obra de Samuel Huntington. 2021. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, 2021.

SIMON, Zoltán Boldizsár. We have never been presentist: on regimes of historicity. Journal of the History of Ideas Blog, 2016 Available at: https://bit.ly/3yqF7VN. 2016. Accessed: 08 Oct. 2022..

VIEIRA, Patrícia. Utopia and dystopia in the age of the Anthropocene. Esboços, Florianópolis, v. 27, n. 46, p. 350-365, Sep./Dec. 2020.

ZIZEK, Slavov, Nature and Its Discontents In: SubStance, Vol. 37, No. 3, Issue 117: The Political Animal, p. 37-72. University of Wisconsin Press. 2008

Downloads

Publicado

2023-12-25

Como Citar

SAVOLDI JR, A. The End of History: Re-Spatialization of a Utopia and Temporalization of a Dystopia. História da Historiografia: International Journal of Theory and History of Historiography, Ouro Preto, v. 16, n. 41, p. 1–23, 2023. DOI: 10.15848/hh.v16i41.2106. Disponível em: https://revistahh.emnuvens.com.br/revista/article/view/2106. Acesso em: 17 maio. 2024.

Edição

Seção

Dossiê: Temporalização do tempo e regimes historiográficos